SMR KE042-057003-

Ballinrannig
Site Type

Burial ground and probable ecclesiastical site.

Description

'Cillvickillane/Cill Mhic Uíleáin: A large, grass-grown, sandy knoll, crowned by [this] single ogham stone, is located at the base of a small promontory on the S shore of Smerwick Harbour.
It was here that a storm at the end of the 18th century exposed 7 ogham stones, a possible fragment of an ogham stone, a cross-inscribed stone, a number of graves and quantities of bone, and the ruins of several houses (Windele 1838, 145; Chatterton 1839, 190).
Windele's sketch of the site shows the ogham stones set out in a rough semi-circle on top of the mound with a slab-lined grave positioned nearby.
Chatterton describes the houses as being beyond the mound nearer the sea. Windele interpreted these as the remains of an ancient village, but it has also been suggested that one of the structures, roughly 20 feet x 12 feet (6 x 3.7m), was a church (Curran no. 21).
Lord Ventry removed 6 of the ogham stones from the site in the mid-19th century; nos. 1 to 4 now line the driveway to Burnham House/Colaiste Íde, between Dingle and Ventry, and nos. 5 and 6 are preserved in the grounds of Chute Hall near Tralee. Only no.7 is still preserved on the original site'
(Cuppage 1986, 250-2).

Monument

'Grit', 1.73m x 0.51m x 0.18m (Converted from Macalister 1945, 149).
Damaged at the top of the stone and on the right-hand angle.

Text

'Inscription pocked and rubbed on two angles of the eastern face (up-down): in good condition except that the last name had been chipped away, all but the final S' (Macalister 1945, 149).
The letters in square brackets [I MUCCOI DOVVINIA] have been hypothetically restored by Macalister.

Transcription

CUNAMAQQI CORBBI MAQQ[I MUCCOI DOVVINIA]S

Translation

'of Conmac of Corb son of [the descendants of Duibne]?'

Baile an Reannaigh (Ballinrannig)


Commentary

This is one of the inscriptions listed by McManus (1991, 93-4) to be among the earliest in the corpus showing no trace of vowel affection. It may be dated to the first half, or the early second half, of the fifth century (McManus 1991, 97).
Here we have one of very few examples were parentage/lineage is indicated through the use of the possessive genitive (CUNAMAQQI CORBBI 'of Conmac [son] of Corb'), rather than through use of the word MAQQI 'son' or AVI 'grandson, descendant' (cf. CIIC 162 CUNAMAQQI AVI CORBBI at Ballintaggart).
McManus also notes that 'it may be significant that several of the instances of the omission of the word for 'son' occur before or after the name element MAQ(Q)I-, -MAQ(Q)I' (McManus 1991, 51, 171 n. 12).

Locations
Found:

Exposed by a storm at the end of the 18th century, along with 6 other ogham stones (Cuppage 1986, 250). Townland of Ballinrannig and barony of Corkaguiney. (GPS coordinates -10.388106, 52.178511)

Original:

Find location probably original site.

Last Recorded:

Re-erected on the knoll, at or near the original site National Monuments Service public map viewer on www.archaeology.ie.

History of Recording

First recorded by Vallancey (1804) in Collectanea de Rebus Hibernicis 6, 226 (Macalister 1945, 144). This stone was recorded for the Ogham in 3D project in the Summer of 2016 by Emmy Van Den Berg, a participant on the Corca Dhuibhne 3d project, using Structure from Motion 3d technology.

References

Ogham in 3D

Cuppage/etal/1986, 250: 'A large grass-grown, sandy knoll, crowned with a single ogham stone, is located at the base of a small promontory on the S shore of Smerwick Harbour'.
Macalister/1945, 144: 'In 1782 a storm blew away an accumulation of sand, and revealed a series of seven Ogham-inscribed stones, in an ancient burial-ground, called Kilvickillane, on the shore of Smerwick Bay'.

Site recorded by Emmy Van Den Berg.
Photo courtesy of Helene Brennan