Kilfountain/'Kilfountan Church and Calluragh burial ground/Teampall Fionntain: A roughly D-shaped or sub-oval enclosure within which are the remains of an oratory and a rectangular hut, a cross-inscribed ogham stone and a bullaun stone' (Cuppage 1986, 302). The cross-inscribed ogham stone is 'standing in a pile of quartz rubble to the east of the ruined oratory' (Okasha and Forsyth 2001, 161)Monument
'Grit' (Macalister 1945, 179), 1.50m x 0.25m x 0.09m (Cuppage
1986, 302). 'The stone is a tall, slender pillar, roughly square
in section, and tapering towards the base... Only the west face
... is decorated ... The upper part of this face contains an equal-armed
cross set inside a circle; the cross has expanded terminals with
the lower one joining on to the circle. Above the circle and joined
to it by a small stem is a scrolled crest. Beneath the circle and
separate from it is an elaborate design ending in a pelta motif.
The design comprises a sunken field of inverted triangular shape
with a concave upper edge. A short stem issues from its lower apex.
At the left and right apices is a large incised oval with a pendant
`string' looping to the outer edge of the stone. Also pendant from
each apex is a line which runs down to form the pelta. In addition,
two short lines curve upwards and outwards from the right oval towards
the edge of the stone' (Okasha and Forsyth 2001, 162).
This is a so-called 'bilingual stone' with both an ogham inscription and an inscription in the Roman or Latin alphabet. Although bilingual ogham stones in both ogham (in Irish) and Roman letters (in Latin) are numerous in Wales and Devon and Cornwall, only a few examples (cf. CIIC 19. Colbinstown I, Co. Kildare) are known in Ireland (McManus 1991, 61). The ogham and Roman alphabet inscriptions on this stone appear to be unrelated and that 'an existing ogham stone appears to have been re-used as a cross-slab' (Okasha and Forsyth 2001, 163).
The ogham inscription is 'on the lower part of the south-east
angle of the stone, reading upwards' (Okasha and Forsyth 2001, 162).
Macalister (1945, 179) notes that the scores of this inscription
are pocked. He adds that 'there is a wide space between the Q and
the DD (4 1/2 inches), but it has only two notches in the middle
and there never were any more'. The suggestion by Cuppage (1986,
304) and others that the I-scores have disappeared since Macalister's
day is supported by the 3d data. 'There are traces of of what may
be further letters before the E and at the top of the pillar but
these are highly uncertain' (Okasha and Forsyth 2001, 163).
The second inscription is in half-uncial script and, along with the cross and design above it, was described by Macalister as cut, rather than pocked like the ogham scores. Cuppage (1986, 304) noted that only one line of text is visible beneath the design and reads upwards: [F]INTEN. However, Macalister (1945, 179) has two lines of parallel text, the first reading down (SCI) and the second reading up (FINTEN): SANCTI FINTEN. He also notes 'the way in which the initial F is turned sideways as though to form a pivot on which the two lines of the inscription hinge'. There are now only traces of a possible SCI and not enough of the F to be sure of its orientation.
Ogham: [ ̣ ̣ ? ̣ ̣]EQỌDD[I ̣ ̣ ? ̣ ̣]
Half-uncial: [SCI( )] F̣INTEN