Reask http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/ en Reask Ecclesiastical Enclosure http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/node/79 <div data-history-node-id="79" class="node node--type-article node--view-mode-rss ds-2col-fluid clearfix" typeof="schema:Article"> <div class="group-left"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-parish field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Parish</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">Marhin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-recorder field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Taifeadán</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/101" hreflang="en">Máirtín MacOiste</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-smr field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">SMR</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/132" hreflang="en">KE042-060001-</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-node-title field--type-ds field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2> Reask Ecclesiastical Enclosure </h2> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-townland field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Townland</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/69" hreflang="en">Reask</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-monument-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Monument Type</label> <div class="field__items"> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Site</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-map field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Map</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_map-79 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:2px;/*scrolling*/ overflow:scroll;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_map-79" id="iframe-field_map-79" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group-right"> <div id="field-language-display"><div class="w3-section js-form-item form-item js-form-type-item form-type-item js-form-item- form-item-"> <label>Language</label> English </div> </div> <div property="schema:text" class="w3-section field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2>Description:</h2> <p>Calluragh burial ground/An Cheallnúach: KE042-060001- is located about 1.25km E of the village of Ballyferriter on approximately the highest point in the townland with a good view to the N over Smerwick Harbour.</p> <p>On the 1st edition of the OS map the site is shown as an oval enclosure outlined in a dotted line. Two stones marked as 'monumental pillars' and a pair of conjoined huts are shown in the N sector. A modern field boundary extending across the site from E to W is also marked in and a 2nd group of conjoined clochauns is shown on the Fair Plan in the S sector. On the 2nd edition a trackway is dotted in across the site from N to S and additional field fences had obscured the line of the original enclosure. There is a noticeable E to W slope within the enclosure.​​​​​​</p> <p>As with the vast majority of the early ecclesiastical sites in the area there is no record or mention of Reask in the known historical documentation. The excavations at the site from 1972 to 1975 were undertaken by the OPW under the direction of Mr. Thomas Fanning in advance of a programme of presentation and conservation which included the diversion of the roadway. Prior to this work the only visible monuments on the site were the well-known cross-inscribed pillar stone A, another small cross-slab, and some traces of the northern clochauns. At least 4 other cross-inscribed stones known to have been associated with the site had been removed to other locations during the 19th century.<br /> The excavations (Fanning 1981) revealed a series of structures and burials hitherto unsuspected at the site. The roughly oval-shaped area, 45 x 43m, was shown to have been enclosed by a substantial cashel-type wall (1). Within the E sector, on the highest part of the sloping ground, a primary cemetery (2) of over 40 lintel graves was exposed. Close by a small slab-shrine (3) was discovered on the old ground surface with 2 post-holes nearby. The remains of a small dry-walled stone oratory (4) overlay portion of this cemetery. A number of cross-inscribed stones (8) came to light within the oratory and the cemetery area.</p> <img alt="Reask" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="95d07601-cffe-4b71-b3c6-5dee5d317fb3" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/riasc_1.jpg" class="align-center" width="760" height="506" loading="lazy" /> <p><br /> <br /> Excavations to the W of the cemetery revealed the foundations of an internal dividing wall (1) extending from the NE to the S and separating the burial area from the remainder of the site. This feature post-dated an early occupation level located in the central area. Grouped around the site were the remains of several clochauns (5) or beehive-type huts. One pair (termed A and B in the excavation report) formed a figure of eight plan in the NW sector of the site. Another smaller pair of conjoined structures (C and D) came to light in the SW corner of the enclosure. To the E of this latter group a small rectangular structure (E), possibly a late addition, had been erected against the enclosure wall.<br /> The remains of a single circular clochaun (F) were uncovered in the SE corner beyond the limits of the burial area, and the foundations of the smallest domestic structure (G), again of circular plan, had survived under the roadway in the NE sector. All of these structures were dry-built as were the remains of a small corn-drying kiln (6) discovered outside the enclosure wall to the SW.<br /> <br /> After the enclosure had been abandoned as an ecclesiastical site, the burial area and the oratory were reused as a ceallúnach (7). A small rectilinear structure incorporating the now destroyed oratory enclosed some of these crudely-constructed graves which in certain cases were covered with a scattering of quartz and sea pebbles. In the domestic area of the site clochauns A and B were refurbished as animal shelters in modern times.<br /> <br /> The excavations showed that the occupation levels in the central area, along with the lintel graves and the slab-shrine, belonged to the earliest phase when the site was first enclosed. Structure G and possibly structure F can also be linked with this primary phase. A charcoal sample from a hearth in the central area gave a radiocarbon determination of 385 ± 90 a.d.. Amongst the small finds from the occupation levels and the burial area attributable to this early phase were some sherds of Late Roman amphorae (Bii ware) indicating an upper limit for this phase sometime in the 7th century A.D..<br /> During the subsequent phase the stone oratory was constructed above the earlier lintel graves and the internal dividing wall was placed across the site. Clochauns A and B were clearly linked by a paved pathway with this internal wall and the oratory, indicating contemporaneity of use. Clochauns C and D may also have been coeval with this phase. The assemblage of small finds from these structures included glass beads, spindle whorls and quernstones. Considerable evidence for iron-working in the form of furnace pits, slag, tuyères and other vitreous waste was uncovered within and outside clochaun D and also within clochaun G where fragments of crucibles indicated that bronze or even glass-working was also carried on. The small corn-drying kiln could have been constructed and utilized at this stage though a much later date is also possible for this feature. This 2nd and main phase of development at Reask, incorporating elements of worship, burial and a range of domestic activity and craftmanship of a broadly 'monastic' character, could not be accurately dated but may have extended in time from the 8th until the 12th century A.D.<br /> <br /> In the final phase the site was converted into a ceallúnach after the oratory had been abandoned, and this E sector continued to be utilized as a form of clandestine burial ground up to modern times. Amongst the objects recovered from these small graves was a tiny figurine carved from soft stone depicting an infant in swaddling clothes. During this last phase clochauns A and B were refurbished and utilized as animal shelters.</p> <div class="align-center"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-media-oembed-video field--type-string field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><iframe src="/media/oembed?url=https%3A//youtu.be/qIjyl4YMfKc&amp;max_width=0&amp;max_height=0&amp;hash=sMUCxOeHtjd5dNFb7ky01VUoFJr_Rt9eirit1XS8m5w" frameborder="0" allowtransparency="" width="200" height="113" class="media-oembed-content" title="Reask Settlement Kerry"></iframe> </div> </div> <p>(1) Enclosure wall: This is, on average, 2.2m in width and in the NW sector, where it is best preserved, it is 1m in height. It is faced at intervals by large slabs set on end both internally and externally. Most of the facing stones were however laid as dry-walled courses with the core of the wall itself composed of small stones and soil. An additional course, at basal level along the internal wall face, was present in several sectors and probably represents the foundations of an internal terrace such as one finds in the larger stone forts. In the S and E sectors the original wall courses are partly obscured by later field fences. The original entrance was not revealed in the excavations but may have been located in the NW sector where clochauns A and B had been constructed along the destroyed or gapped line of the wall. These 2 conjoined structures had been enclosed by a separate wall composed of dry-walled courses noticeably smaller and not as well laid as those in the original enclosure wall. This later wall was on average 1.5m in width and its foundations were clearly butted up against the outer W facing of the primary enclosure. The internal dividing wall crosses the site from the SW in a roughly curving manner dividing the interior into 2 separate terraces. Only the basal courses had survived with good facing stones in places and an average width of 1.4m. A 1m wide entrance gap at midpoint along the wall was paved with slabs. The direction of this paving suggested a well laid out approach from clochauns A and B through this gap up to the door of the oratory. Excavation in the central area showed clearly that the internal dividing wall post-dated the considerable occupation deposit associated with a series of post-holes, pits, a hearth and a shallow curving drain, 30cm in depth, which was partly covered with small flagstones.<br /> <br /> (2) (KE042-060002-) Lintel grave cemetery: This consists of 42 graves extending from pillar stone A on the N as far as clochaun F in the S. The graves display an E-W alignment and are set in rows which follow but respect the curving internal face of the enclosure wall. The W limits of this cemetery are marked by the small slab-shrine. Most of the graves are of the lintel type with their sides and ends lined with slabs and covered with flat 'lintel'-type slabs. A few are simply 'dug' graves. On average the lintel graves measure (internally) 2m in length, .4m in width and .35m in depth. On excavation it was apparent that the human skeletal remains had not survived due to the acidity of the soil though phosphorous sampling proved the former presence of bone. None of the graves had a marker in situ though most of the cross-slabs were discovered lying loose in the immediate vicinity. The general context, plan and alignment of this cemetery would indicate that it dated to the Early Christian Period.<br /> <br /> (3) (KE042-060003-) Slab Shrine: This consists of a small paved area, .9 x .85m, surrounded by 2 erect slabs and 2 small corner pillars with 2 courses of small stones completing the feature. The fill of dark soil over the paved floor indicated the presence of bone and supported the view that it was used as a form of shrine to hold re-interred human bone. A sherd of Bii ware was found in the upper fill. The shrine is located at the same level as the lintel graves and it probably marked the W limits and focus of the primary cemetery. Two post-holes, 30cm in depth and over 1m apart, were uncovered to the S of the shrine indicating some form of early wooden structure possibly associated with a primary wooden oratory as was found at Church Island (O'Kelly 1958).<br /> <br /> (4) (KE042-060004-) Oratory: A small rectangular dry-walled structure aligned E-W. It measures internally 3.5 x 2.7m. The walls are on average .9m thick and survive to a height of .45m at the E but are very defaced at the W. The stones used in its construction are quite small, 20 x 10cm on average, but the largest are set as facing stones to the core of clay and rubble. The W wall face is straight sided and contains the only surviving feature, a narrow doorway .6m wide flanked by 2 erect jamb stones .4m in height. A threshold stone survives in situ with 4 slabs of the paved pathway extending out to the NW. The small, almost square-shaped plan and the rounded nature of the external E corners imply that the oratory probably had a corbelled beehive-type roof like the small oratory on Skellig Michael (De Paor 1955, fig.8). Excavation of the interior revealed some traces of the trampled clay floor and showed that the foundations were up to .4m above the early lintel graves. The oratory lacked finds but heel-stones found at the W end probably belonged to the doorway feature.<br /> <br /> (5) Clochauns: The dry-walled and conjoined clochauns A (KE042-060005-) and B (KE042-060010-) had been erected on a demolished portion of the enclosure wall in the NW sector. The wall of A survives to a height of 1.2m in places and has an average thickness of over 1m. It is well faced internally and has a definite corbelled incline though its maximum internal diameter of 5.5m suggests that its final roofing was of timber and thatch.<br /> <br /> Structure B has an internal diameter of 6.1m with a good stony core to the well-faced walls. The maximum height is 1.1m above the floor level and again the wall projects inwards from its base indicating a measure of corbelling in its upper wall structure. The original entrance to these conjoined structures is in the SE wall of clochaun B and measures 1m in width. It has one surviving jambstone and a well-paved threshold. Excavation of the interior revealed a hearth feature on the floor surface but few finds apart from the upper stone of a disc-type rotary quern. All traces of the internal access to structure A had been removed by the later wall divisions used in the refurbishing as animal shelters. Surrounding both structures on almost all sides is an annulus feature as found associated with the stone house on Church Island (O'Kelly 1958, fig.3).<br /> <br /> Clochauns C (KE042-060011-) and D (KE042-060012-) are also conjoined in a figure of eight plan and were erected against the internal face of the SW sector of the enclosure itself. Structure C is of roughly faced dry-walling and is 3.6m in diameter internally with an average thickness to the wall of 1.15m and an average height of .6m. Structure D is 4.5m in diameter internally with the wall 1.1m thick and comprised, internally, of large slabs set on end with dry-walling outside and above to give a surviving height of .8m. The external entrance is located on the N and is .85m wide with a jambstone on one side. An internal access to Structure C, 1m in width, is also provided with a jambstone on one side. There is no inward inclination to the walls of either structure but their small diameters and the presence of large wall stones amongst the collapse would suggest that the roofing was of the beehive-type.<br /> Excavation of the interior of Clochaun C revealed a large rock-cut fire-pit filled with peat charcoal and fragments of burnt slatey stone. No significant finds were recovered. Within clochaun D the hard floor surface had survived with a number of post-holes and the remains of at least 3 iron-smelting furnaces dug through this surface. Underneath the external collapse to the E of this clochaun a spread of peat charcoal and iron slag provided further evidence of this iron-working activity. From this level a spindle whorl and a sherd of imported pottery (E ware) were recovered.<br /> <br /> Structure E (KE042-060013-) is a small rectangular dry-walled structure built against the inner face of the enclosure wall. It measures 5.5 x 2.8m internally. Its walls are, on average, 1.4m thick and survive to a maximum height of .65m. An entrance feature in the N wall, 1m wide, is blocked by a single erect slab. Excavation of the interior yielded little in the way of finds and, whatever its original use, it was probably utilized in modern times as an animal shelter.<br /> <br /> Clochaun F (KE042-060014-) is located in the SE sector of the site. The small circular dry-walled cell has an internal diameter of 3.5m with a wall thickness of .9m and a maximum height of .7m. It is roughly built of small stones with an annulus feature on the N, W and S. The entrance was on the NE, facing the oratory. A small hearth set on a hard clay floor was found in the interior. This clochaun was probably roofed by the corbelling method.<br /> <br /> Clochaun G (KE042-060015-) is located in the NE sector of the site. Only the basal foundation courses had survived providing a sub-circular plan with a maximum internal diameter of 2.75m and an average wall thickness of .9m. A narrow entrance gap is located in the SW. The wall had been apparently well-faced and the basal course was tied in with the surviving courses of the enclosure wall which enclosed it on the NE. The interior of this small structure was filled with the debris of iron-smelting, including a furnace pit, and other metallurgical processes.<br /> <br /> (6) (KE042-006006-) Corn-drying kiln: The kiln lies outside the enclosure wall in the SW corner of the site. It consists of a stone-lined bowl tapering from the top, and a short passage or flue, also stone-lined and roofed, leading into the bottom of the bowl from the SW. The bowl is 1.2m in diameter at the top and 1m in depth. The flue is 1.75m long, .4m wide and .6m high, and is lined with upright slabs and roofed with horizontal slabs. The kiln, on excavation, yielded traces of firing and blackened, peaty soil.<br /> <br /> (7) Ceallúnach: This area lay to the E of the roadway. Excavation revealed a rectilinear enclosure built against the inner face of the E section of the enclosure wall and incorporating the remains of the stone oratory. On the N and W the wall consists of an inner face of erect slabs backed externally by courses of dry-walling. Overall internal dimensions are 10 x 6.4m and the wall is .8m wide. Within this enclosure, and also to the S of the oratory, the excavations revealed a number of roughly built ceallúnach graves, averaging 2 x 2m, constructed of erect and flat stones and covered with spreads of quartz and sea pebbles. Internally these stone boxes were sub-divided by other erect slabs. Associated with these large graves were a number of very small graves consisting of 3 or 4 stones set on end and covered by a single larger stone to form a small stone box .5 x .3m. Only a few traces of skeletal remains had survived but some of the graves yielded small collections of pebbles similar to jackstones and one yielded a tiny stone figurine.<br /> <br /> (8) Cross-inscribed pillars and slabs: Stone A (<a href="/node/10">KE042-060008-</a>) is a tall thin slab of sandstone set at the N limits of the burial area and decorated with an encircled Greek cross from which are pendant spiral designs terminating in a pelta. The letters DNE are vertically inscribed on one side of the spiral design. L: 1.64m. W: .6m. Max. T: .26m.</p> <img alt="Bhric's Pub" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="06492228-14ce-4f07-88f8-2e4d67b4c18b" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/brics.jpg" class="align-center" width="372" height="495" loading="lazy" /> <p><br /> <br /> Stone B (<a href="/node/11">KE042-060009-</a>) is a sandstone slab which had been reset as part of the rectilinear ceallúnach enclosure. It is decorated with a large Latin cross with bifurcated terminals and 2 small crosslets in the upper angles. A horizontal bar is carved above the head of the cross. L: .8m. W: .4m. T: .2m.<br /> <br /> Stone C (KE042-060018) is a broken sandstone slab with gabled top, decorated with a Latin cross having expanded terminals and having a horizontal bar or titulus motif as on Stone B. L: .4m. W: .35m. T: .1m.<br /> <br /> Stone D (<a href="/node/12">KE042-060016-</a>) had been removed to Adare Manor, Co. Limerick (Fanning 1971) but is now relocated on the site. It is a narrow sandstone pillar decorated on one face with a simple Latin cross below which the letters DNS are vertically inscribed. On the opposite face a similar cross terminates in the inverted inscription DNO. There is a small dot in each angle of the cross arms, two others on the top of the stone and another in the centre of the letter O. L: 1.14m. W: .13m.<br /> <br /> Stone E (<a href="/node/13">KE042-060019-</a>), like stone D, had also been removed to Adare Manor but is now in the National Museum. It is a thin rectangular sandstone slab decorated, on one face only, with a Greek cross with widely expanded head and arms and a plain stem. Two crosslets were carved in the upper angles. A number of multi-strand designs (fret and interlaced patterns) had been carved as a palimpsest over the original cross designs. L: .87m. W: .59m. T: .05m.<br /> <br /> Stone F (KE042-060020-) was found near the site in the 19th century and removed to UCC. It is of local grey sandstone, roughly shaped with a rounded top. On one face there is a Latin cross with scrolled terminals to head and arms. Two crosslets are placed one on either side of the head with small circles and a saltire design in the upper and lower angles respectively. The opposite face of the cross carries a single Latin cross with expanded terminals. L: .87m. W: .47m. T: .1m.<br /> <br /> Stone G (KE042-060021-) was found within the oratory. It is of red sandstone shaped to give a rounded circular head and a tapering shaft now broken. The main dressed face is decorated with a recessed Maltese cross within a circle below which a step pattern, symmetrically carved, gives a double traverse effect to the stem. The stem pattern expands into a spiral design directly below the cross, and there are traces of a titulus motif above the cross. The opposite face of the slab is decorated with a plain Latin cross. L: .55m. W: .35m. T: .5m.<br /> <br /> Stone H (KE042-060022-) was found reused as part of a ceallúnach grave within the oratory. It is a thin sandstone slab squared at the top and tapered along its length. The smooth-dressed face bears a recessed design consisting of a Maltese cross within a square frame. In the upper right-hand angle is a small stylised representation of a bird (probably a peacock), originally one of an opposed pair. L: .85m. W: .4m. T: .05m.<br /> <br /> Stone I (KE042-060017-) is a roughly shaped pillar of sandstone reused alongside stone H in the ceallúnach grave. It has a small incised Latin cross on one face with serif-like terminals. It is now re-erected on the site. L: 1.86m. W: .42m. T: .14m.<br /> <br /> Stone J (<a href="/node/14">KE042-060023-</a>), a rough sandstone slab, broken across the top, was found within structure E. It is decorated on one face with what is probably the stem of a large expansional cross as found on the cross on Skellig Michael (de Paor 1958, pi.7). It has now been re-erected on the site. L: .83m. W: .52m.<br /> <br /> A number of other small slabs or portions thereof were found in the excavations, mainly in the upper levels of the burial area. They are now in the Office of Public Works store in Dublin.<br /> <br /> The above description is derived from J. Cuppage, ‘Corca Dhuibhne. Dingle Peninsula archaeological survey. Ballyferriter. Oidhreacht Chorca Dhuibhne’ (1986), no. 874. In certain instances the entries have been revised and updated in the light of recent research.<br /> <br /> Date of upload: 9 August 2013</p> </div> </div> </div> Mon, 07 Jun 2021 10:39:52 +0000 Mairt 79 at http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie Reask J http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/Article/reask-j <div data-history-node-id="14" class="node node--type-article node--view-mode-rss ds-2col-fluid clearfix" typeof="schema:Article"> <div class="group-left"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-parish field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Parish</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">Marhin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-recorder field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Taifeadán</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/98" hreflang="en">Helene Brennan</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-smr field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">SMR</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/137" hreflang="en">KE042-060023-</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-node-title field--type-ds field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2> Reask J </h2> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-townland field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Townland</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/69" hreflang="en">Reask</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-monument-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Monument Type</label> <div class="field__items"> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/2" hreflang="en">Cross Inscribed</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-3d-model field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">3d Model</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_3d_model-14 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:0;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_3d_model-14" id="iframe-field_3d_model-14" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://sketchfab.com/models/a6f32988a2b54478ae619c9a41ed03d1/embed"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://sketchfab.com/models/a6f32988a2b54478ae619c9a41ed03d1/embed"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-map field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Map</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_map-14 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:2px;/*scrolling*/ overflow:scroll;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_map-14" id="iframe-field_map-14" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group-right"> <div id="field-language-display"><div class="w3-section js-form-item form-item js-form-type-item form-type-item js-form-item- form-item-"> <label>Language</label> English </div> </div> <div property="schema:text" class="w3-section field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><p>Calluragh burial ground/An Cheallnúach:</p> <p><a href="/node/79">KE042-060001-</a> is located about 1.25km E of the village of Ballyferriter on approximately the highest point in the townland with a good view to the N over Smerwick Harbour.</p> <img alt="Reask J" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="cfe98eca-f770-4f2c-a01a-164829c9aa61" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/reask5_0.jpg" class="align-center" width="320" height="409" loading="lazy" /> <p><br /> Stone J , a rough sandstone slab, broken across the top, was found within structure E. It is decorated on one face with what is probably the stem of a large expansional cross as found on the cross on Skellig Michael (<strong>de Paor 1958, pi.7</strong>). It has now been re-erected on the site. L: .83m. W: .52m. <br /> The above description is derived from J. Cuppage, ‘Corca Dhuibhne. Dingle Peninsula archaeological survey. Ballyferriter. Oidhreacht Chorca Dhuibhne’ (1986), no. 874.</p> </div> </div> </div> Sun, 06 Jun 2021 09:12:17 +0000 Mairt 14 at http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie Reask E http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/node/13 <div data-history-node-id="13" class="node node--type-article node--view-mode-rss ds-2col-fluid clearfix" typeof="schema:Article"> <div class="group-left"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-parish field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Parish</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">Marhin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-recorder field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Taifeadán</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/99" hreflang="en">Isabel Bennett</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-smr field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">SMR</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/136" hreflang="en">KE042-060019-</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-node-title field--type-ds field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2> Reask E </h2> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-townland field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Townland</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/69" hreflang="en">Reask</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-monument-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Monument Type</label> <div class="field__items"> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/2" hreflang="en">Cross Inscribed</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-3d-model field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">3d Model</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_3d_model-13 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:0;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_3d_model-13" id="iframe-field_3d_model-13" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://sketchfab.com/models/bb5341e6c0834096a76886c10f42a3b5/embed"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://sketchfab.com/models/bb5341e6c0834096a76886c10f42a3b5/embed"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-map field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Map</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_map-13 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:2px;/*scrolling*/ overflow:scroll;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_map-13" id="iframe-field_map-13" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/embed?mid=1D9xCxbTCeLqRtqUQ7w6FwJjLO_8"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/embed?mid=1D9xCxbTCeLqRtqUQ7w6FwJjLO_8"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group-right"> <div id="field-language-display"><div class="w3-section js-form-item form-item js-form-type-item form-type-item js-form-item- form-item-"> <label>Language</label> English </div> </div> <div property="schema:text" class="w3-section field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><p>Originally from the monastic site at An Riasc, this stone, ‘Stone E’ in the Riasc excavation report (<strong>T. Fanning, PRIA 81C No. 3, 1981</strong>), had been removed to Adare Manor c. 1855 and is currently on display in Músaem Chorca Dhuibhne (<a href="http://www.westkerrymuseum.com/" target="blank">www.westkerrymuseum.com</a>).</p> <section id="block-drupal8-w3css-theme-content"> <h2> </h2> <img alt="Reask E" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="1958805f-2c38-4562-a7b0-3d9a9ce53859" height="175" loading="lazy" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/reaske.jpg" width="314" class="align-center" /></section> <nav aria-labelledby="block-drupal8-w3css-theme-account-menu-menu" id="block-drupal8-w3css-theme-account-menu" role="navigation"> <h2><strong>Monument</strong></h2> <p>It is a thin rectangular sandstone slab decorated, on one face only, with a Greek cross with widely expanded head and arms and a plain stem. Two crosslets were carved in the upper angles.<br /> A number of multi-strand designs (fret and interlaced patterns) had been carved as a palimpsest over the original cross designs. Length: 0.87m, width: 0.59m and thickness: 0.05m.</p> <p>Information from J. Cuppage et al., 1986, Archaeological Survey of the Dingle Peninsula, Oidhreacht Chorca Dhuibhne, Ballyferriter, p. 342.</p> <p>Photo by Siobhán Dempsey.</p> </nav> </div> </div> </div> Sun, 06 Jun 2021 09:06:46 +0000 Mairt 13 at http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie Reask D http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/Article/reask-d <div data-history-node-id="12" class="node node--type-article node--view-mode-rss ds-2col-fluid clearfix" typeof="schema:Article"> <div class="group-left"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-parish field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Parish</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">Marhin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-recorder field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Taifeadán</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/98" hreflang="en">Helene Brennan</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-smr field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">SMR</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/135" hreflang="en">KE042-060016-</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-node-title field--type-ds field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2> Reask D </h2> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-townland field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Townland</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/69" hreflang="en">Reask</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-monument-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Monument Type</label> <div class="field__items"> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/2" hreflang="en">Cross Inscribed</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-3d-model field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">3d Model</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_3d_model-12 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:0;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_3d_model-12" id="iframe-field_3d_model-12" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://sketchfab.com/models/8667af41ec3142bfbbbf9a014cad1973/embed"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://sketchfab.com/models/8667af41ec3142bfbbbf9a014cad1973/embed"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-map field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Map</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_map-12 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:2px;/*scrolling*/ overflow:scroll;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_map-12" id="iframe-field_map-12" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group-right"> <div id="field-language-display"><div class="w3-section js-form-item form-item js-form-type-item form-type-item js-form-item- form-item-"> <label>Language</label> English </div> </div> <div property="schema:text" class="w3-section field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><p>'This...stone was removed to Adare Manor, Co. Limerick, c. 1855 and until recently stood in the manor grounds. Through the kind offices of Lord and Lady Dunraven it has now been transferred back to Reask and re-erected on the site just south of stone A [REASK/1]...it would appear from the manuscripts of John Windele...[that the stone is] represented on the first edition of the O.S. 6 inch map for the area...[from] the 1830s'.</p> <p><strong>Fanning/1981, 142--143</strong>:</p> <img alt="Reask D" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="89eb87fe-fc82-4575-8b40-4eff1698482e" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/riascd1_1.jpg" class="align-center" width="456" height="305" loading="lazy" /> <p>'The stone was at Reask in September 1848 when Windele revisited Reask ... [In 1865] Quin stated that the stone, with others, was 'brought to Adare about ten years ago', that is around 1855 ... According to Petrie, the stone ... 'was found by Lord Dunraven, not in situ but lying in an open field in the neighbourhood' ... Fanning notes an OS Memorandum which substantiates this provenance ... In 1971, the stone was standing 'in a grove of trees in the manor grounds [at Adare] ... but by 1975 it had been returned to Reask'.</p> <p><strong>Okasha/Forsyth/2001, 179:</strong></p> <h2><br /> <strong>Monument</strong></h2> <p>'The two sides are plain except for a substantial rectangular slot on the north face which bears signs of wear. The west and east faces are both carved with simialr linear Latin crosses whose arms and head extend to the edge of the stone. The grooving of the crosses is deeper and wider than that of the texts. The cross on the east face measures 41 cm by 13 cm and has a shaft which merges with the last letter of the text. There is a small dot in each angle of the cross and two others, one on either side of the top of the upper arm'.</p> <p>'a simple Latin cross...which has a slightly expanded terminal...There is a small dot in each angle of the cross arms, traces of two others on the top of the stone and another in the centre of the letter O'.</p> <p><strong>Fanning/1981, 142--143:</strong></p> </div> </div> </div> Sun, 06 Jun 2021 08:51:52 +0000 Mairt 12 at http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie Reask B http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/node/11 <div data-history-node-id="11" class="node node--type-article node--view-mode-rss ds-2col-fluid clearfix" typeof="schema:Article"> <div class="group-left"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-parish field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Parish</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">Marhin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-recorder field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Taifeadán</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/96" hreflang="en">Gary Devlin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-smr field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">SMR</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/134" hreflang="en">KE042-060009-</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-node-title field--type-ds field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2> Reask B </h2> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-townland field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Townland</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/69" hreflang="en">Reask</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-monument-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Monument Type</label> <div class="field__items"> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/2" hreflang="en">Cross Inscribed</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-3d-model field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">3d Model</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_3d_model-11 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:0;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_3d_model-11" id="iframe-field_3d_model-11" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://sketchfab.com/models/0295742a8fe143adb95809b495950dd4/embed"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://sketchfab.com/models/0295742a8fe143adb95809b495950dd4/embed"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-map field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Map</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_map-11 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:2px;/*scrolling*/ overflow:scroll;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_map-11" id="iframe-field_map-11" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group-right"> <div id="field-language-display"><div class="w3-section js-form-item form-item js-form-type-item form-type-item js-form-item- form-item-"> <label>Language</label> English </div> </div> <div property="schema:text" class="w3-section field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><p>Reask Stone B is a sandstone slab standing at the entrance to the oratory and is part of the ceallunach enclosure. This stone is 0.8metres in height, 0.4 metres wide and 0.2 metres thick. It is decorated with a large Latin cross with bifurcated terminals. Above the cross is horizontal bar also with bifurcated terminals and on the upper sides of the cross are inscribed two smaller crosses.</p> <img alt="Reask B" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="a853e78b-8ec4-45e8-9808-bc212809c0b9" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/reaskb_0.jpg" class="align-center" width="339" height="471" loading="lazy" /></div> </div> </div> Sun, 06 Jun 2021 08:45:40 +0000 Mairt 11 at http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie Reask A http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie/node/10 <div data-history-node-id="10" class="node node--type-article node--view-mode-rss ds-2col-fluid clearfix" typeof="schema:Article"> <div class="group-left"> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-parish field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Parish</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">Marhin</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-recorder field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Taifeadán</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/98" hreflang="en">Helene Brennan</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-smr field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">SMR</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/133" hreflang="en">KE042-060008-</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-node-title field--type-ds field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><h2> Reask A </h2> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-townland field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Townland</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/69" hreflang="en">Reask</a></div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-monument-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Monument Type</label> <div class="field__items"> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/2" hreflang="en">Cross Inscribed</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-3d-model field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">3d Model</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_3d_model-10 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:0;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_3d_model-10" id="iframe-field_3d_model-10" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://sketchfab.com/models/522d5e7236754de7a5bb6a335aaaeb57/embed"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://sketchfab.com/models/522d5e7236754de7a5bb6a335aaaeb57/embed"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w3-section field field--name-field-map field--type-iframe field--label-above"> <label class="field__label">Map</label> <div class="w3-bar-item field__item"><div class=""> <style type="text/css">iframe#iframe-field_map-10 {/*frameborder*/ border-width:2px;/*scrolling*/ overflow:scroll;}</style> <iframe width="100%" height="100%" name="iframe-field_map-10" id="iframe-field_map-10" title="" allow="accelerometer;autoplay;camera;encrypted-media;geolocation;gyroscope;microphone;payment;picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"> Your browser does not support iframes, but you can visit <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1uOHGhaQq3JKljhoDVGcT1021VETb5_yY"></a> </iframe> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="group-right"> <div id="field-language-display"><div class="w3-section js-form-item form-item js-form-type-item form-type-item js-form-item- form-item-"> <label>Language</label> English </div> </div> <div property="schema:text" class="w3-section field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden w3-bar-item field__item"><p>The stone has been at Reask since at least June 1838 when Windele drew and examined it, describing it as at 'Riesk about a quarter of a Mile SE of Ballinrannig ... He returned there in September 1848 .. When du Noyer examined and drew the stone in 1866, he described it at 'Valluragh Burial Ground 1 mile East of Ballyferriter Dingle', and 'on Dingle Road' .. Macalister stated that the stone had been moved to University College Cork (<strong>Macalister/1949, 97</strong>), but, as Fanning pointed out, Macalister had confused this stone with one of the other, uniscribed, stones from Reask'.</p> <p><strong>Okasha/Forsyth/2001, 175--176:</strong></p> <img alt="Riasc A" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="4aff668b-f0a5-45d4-9ef2-7dff56fce181" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/riasca_2.jpg" class="align-center" width="450" height="600" loading="lazy" /> <h2><strong>Monument</strong></h2> <p>'The back and sides are plain but the face is decorated with a full-length cross. This takes the form of a cross-of-arcs enclosed in a circle. In each angle of the arms a stem terminates in a double loop and tails, like a stylised ribbon bow. The cross stands on a linear shaft joined to the lower arm with a pair of inwardly disposed scrolls. The shaft terminates in a pelta and is further embellished by an irregularly shaped frame which incorporates three pairs of inwardly disposed scrolls'.</p> <p><strong>Okasha/Forsyth/2001, 176:</strong></p> <h2><strong>Style</strong></h2> <p>'Maltese (equal-armed) cross within a circle. The stem of the cross is decorated with spiral designs and terminates in a pelta-like motif. The cross is recessed into the stone with widely expanded arms, the lower member having two small spirals in slight relief. In the angles are traces of further lightly incised motifs probably representations of a capital omega...<br /> The remainder of the ornament is pendant from the encircled cross and is grouped around the vertical stem...and terminates in a spiralled pelta design.<br /> Directly above this a horizontal line is placed across the vertical stem so forming a cross the arms of which curl upwards into spirals. These are linked to a further set of S-curves...Finally the circle which encloses the cross curls downwards into two spirals linked with the lower spiralled designs by long attenuated S-curves, the entire curvilinear pattern forming a rough symmetrical frame to the central stem feature'.</p> <p><strong>Fanning/1981, 139--140:</strong></p> </div> </div> </div> Sun, 06 Jun 2021 08:40:54 +0000 Mairt 10 at http://corcadhuibhne3d.ie